Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders that undermines your body’s ability to use and store glucose. Glucose is the type of sugar that our bodies use for energy. When diabetes prevents your body from using glucose like it’s supposed to, the sugar builds up in your blood. This high concentration of glucose in the bloodstream is why people with diabetes are said to have high blood sugar (or high blood glucose).
Types of Diabetes
There are three main types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease that causes the pancreas to produce too little (or no) insulin. This type of diabetes is genetic and often diagnosed in childhood. People with type 1 diabetes have to use insulin to regulate their blood sugar.
Type 2 Diabetes is characterized by a build-up of glucose in the bloodstream. Although insulin is being produced by the pancreas, the body does not use it properly and blood sugar rises (this is called ‘insulin resistance’). Type 2 diabetes is a lifestyle disease, so being overweight or obese increases your risk of developing it. People with type 2 diabetes manage their disease using a combination of diet and exercise, sometimes with the assistance of oral medication or insulin. This is the most common type of diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is the third type of diabetes and specific to pregnant women. During pregnancy, some women develop insulin resistance. They must manage this condition while the baby is in utero, but blood sugars typically return to normal after the child is born. Gestational diabetes does, however, increase a woman’s risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
In total, diabetes affects more than 415 million people worldwide. Among these reported cases, about 90% of them are type 2 diabetes. So, it’s estimated that around 8.3% of the global adult population lives with type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes Symptoms & Complications
Diabetes often goes undiagnosed at first, but keep an eye out for these hallmark symptoms to get ahead of the game. If you or your loved ones have one or more of these signs, consider seeing a local doctor or pharmacist for a blood glucose test. The test for diabetes is quick and easy, but getting diagnosed early can save you lots of complications down the line! Common symptoms include:
Feeling very hungry, even while eating
Feeling very thirsty all the time
Slow-healing cuts and bruises
Tingling, pain or numbness in the hands or feet
Unexplained weight loss (type 1)
Early detection and treatment significantly decrease the risk of developing further, potentially life-threatening complications. Some of the most common complications of diabetes include:
Kidney disease (diabetic nephropathy)
Eye problems (diabetic retinopathy)
Nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy)
Foot problems (diabetic foot ulcers, which can lead to amputation)
Thankfully, early diagnosis and proper management significantly decrease your risk of developing diabetes-related complications.
Prevention & Management of Type 2 Diabetes
Although type 1 diabetes remains unavoidable, type 2 diabetes is largely preventable – or at least manageable – with some effort on our part. For instance, maintaining a healthy body weight through healthy diet and regular physical activity can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes enormously.
Daily activity is beneficial for a number of reasons. Most relevantly to this article, engaging in at least 90 minutes of physical activity per day can reduce your risk of the diabetes by about 28%. It also helps lower average blood glucose and control blood pressure. Regular physical activity also relieves stress and improves the circulation to help strengthen your muscles, heart and bones. Whether it’s walking, swimming, tennis or dancing, staying active is key to your physical and emotional wellbeing.
Nutrition is important for lots of reasons besides weight loss. Whole grains and fiber help regulate blood sugar. Good fats (like those found in nuts, avocado and salmon) help promote heart health. Avoiding or eliminating red meat and sugary beverages may help decrease systemic inflammation. So, a plant-based diet high in fiber and low in sugar may be the key to managing or preventing diabetes.
It’s also helpful to remember the USDA’s dietary guidelines. Aim for a plate filled half with non-starchy vegetables or fruit, a quarter with protein (meat) and a quarter with grains or starchy vegetables. It’s important to include some carbs, protein and healthy fat in each meal so that you’re giving your body the tools it needs to best regulate blood sugar.
Smoking increases the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes by 30-40% in comparison to non-smokers. Not only that: smokers with diabetes also have a higher risk of heart and kidney disease, poor blood flow in the legs and feet (which can lead to infections, ulcers and amputations), retinopathy (eye damage that can cause blindness) and peripheral neuropathy (which causes numbness, pain and weakness). So, it is highly advisable to quit smoking. The immense health benefits you gain from quitting will affect your overall health, but be sure to seek out professional help if you need extra support to quit permanently.
If you’ve already been diagnosed with diabetes, then the focus shifts from prevention to management. The main objective is to keep blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible. This is achieved through a combination of healthy diet, regular exercise, medication (pills and/or insulin, if needed). If you’re overweight, your doctor may also suggest weight loss.
The severity of your type 2 diabetes determines how much medical management you’ll need. While some people with can successfully manage their type 2 diabetes using only lifestyle modification (diet & exercise), others need an extra boost. Some people take pills to help their bodies produce or optimize insulin use. Others inject themselves with insulin. Regardless of where you fall on this spectrum, the good news is that type 2 diabetes is largely reversible with healthy diet, exercise and weight loss.
Phen Caps and the Fight Against Diabetes
If you are overweight, weight loss is important in both the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. Phen Caps, designed to support your weight loss journey, are an ideal ally in your fight against diabetes.
Phen Caps suppress appetite and reduce cravings using a combination of Phenylethylamine (PEA) and Caralluma. By stimulating the release of dopamine, PEA reduces appetite while also improving your mood. This means that Phen Caps will not only help suppress your appetite, they will also reduce the temptation to give into cravings and binges related to emotional eating. Caralluma is a type of cactus with natural appetite-suppressing benefits. Research into Caralluma shows that this ingredient can significantly reduce cravings and suppress hunger throughout the day. So Phen Caps are perfect for people who find it difficult to control their constant appetite and snacking.
Phen Caps also boost energy and motivate you to be more active. They contain a combination of caffeine and theobromine, two stimulants that have been shown to increase energy levels. The extra energy from Phen Caps makes exercise easier and inspires you to keep fit as part of your new, healthier lifestyle. These supplements also contain synephrine, raspberry ketone, and L-carnitine to boost your metabolism and stimulate fat breakdown.
With the help of Phen Caps, you can start losing weight and reducing your risk of diabetes today!
Have you lost weight to help reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes? Share your experiences and questions with us in the comments section below!